Title I is the name of the federal education program which aims to provide extra help and instruction for students who need it most. The program was first enacted by Congress in 1965 as part of the Elementary & Secondary Education Act (ESEA), and was revised in 1981 by the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act (ECIA), which changed its name to Chapter One. Improving America’s Schools Act of 1994 re-authorized appropriations for Chapter One and changed the name of the program back to its original, Title I. The program was again re-authorized during the Bush Administration under the No Child Left Behind Act. In 2015, President Obama signed the Every Student Succeeds Act into law, re-authorizing the federal 1965 ESEA. Despite the changes in name, the focus of the program remains the same: To improve the academic achievement of children who need extra help in the basic skills and who also live in areas that have a high concentration of low-income families.
In Barnstable, Title I funds are used to help students in reading and mathematics in grades 1-5 at Hyannis West Elementary School, & Barnstable United Elementary School.